The current state of the problem of depressive disorders, taking into account clinical and social features

Keywords: depression, depressive disorder, affective disorders, social dysfunction, clinical features, self-destructive behavior, prognosis.

Abstract

The social significance of depressive disorders, the role of clinical features, and disorders of social functioning in their structure and prognosis were studied by conducting a theoretical analysis of the literature. Data related to the epidemiology of depression are grouped.

Peculiarities of depressive disorders of the neurotic register have been studied, taking into account the predominant psychopathological symptoms, nosological affiliation, the role of such phenomena as self-destructive behavior (SDBh), and self-destructive potential (SDP). The role of the main clinical and social factors in the prediction of depressive disorder is determined.

References

1. Air T., Weightman M. J. & Baune B. T. (2015). Symptom severity of depressive symptoms impacts on social cognition performance in current but not remitted major depressive disorder. Frontiers in Psychology,6, 11 – 18.
2. Angst J.& Preisig M. (1995). Outcome of a clinical cohort of unipolar, bipolar and schizoaffective patients: Results of a prospective study from 1959 to 1985. Schweiz Arch Neurol Psychiatr 146, 17–23.
3. Baldessarini, R., Forte, A., Selle, V., Sim, K., Tondo, L., Undurraga, J. and Vázquez, G. (2017). Morbidity in Depressive Disorders. Psychotherapy and psychosomatics, 86 (2), pp.65 - 72.
4. Basco, M. R., Bostic, J. Q., Davies, D., Rush, A. J., Witte, B., Hendrickse, W., & Barnett, V. (2000). Methods to Improve Diagnostic Accuracy in a Community Mental Health Setting. American Journal of Psychiatry, 157(10), 1599–1605. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.157.10.1599
5. Bosworth, H., Hays, J., George, L. and Steffens, D. (2002). Psychological and clinical predictors of unipolar depression outcome in older adults. Int. J. Psychiatry, 17, 238-246.
6. Bowlby, J. (1999). Attachment and loss. [New York]: Basic Books.
7. Braund, T., Palmer, D., Williams, L., & Harris, A. (2019). Characterising anxiety in major depressive disorder and its use in predicting antidepressant treatment outcome: An iSPOT-D report. Australian & New Zealand Journal Of Psychiatry, 53(8), 782-793. doi: 10.1177/0004867419835933
8. De Lisio, G., Maremmani, I., Perugi, G., Cassano, G., Deltito, J., & Akiskal, H. (1986). Impairment of work and leisure in depressed outpatients. Journal Of Affective Disorders, 10(2), 79-84. doi: 10.1016/0165-0327(86)90029-7
9. Dekker J., de Jong A., Nieuwenhuis M. (1998). Depressie en sociaal functioneren. [Depression and social functioning. Behavior and health.] Gedrag en Gezondheid 26, 248–256.
10. Dinga, R., Marquand, A., Veltman, D., Beekman, A., Schoevers, R., & Van Hemert, A. et al. (2018). Predicting the naturalistic course of depression from a wide range of clinical, psychological and biological data: a machine learning approach. European Neuropsychopharmacology, 28, 88-89. doi: 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2017.12.127
11. Dorz S., Borgherini G., Cognolato S., Conforti D., Fiorellini A.L., Scarso C, Magni G. 2002. Social adjustment in in-patients with affective disorders: Predictive factors. Journal Of Affective Disorders 70, 49–56.
12. Evans S., Cloitre M., Kocsis J.H., Keitner G.I., Holzer C.P., Gniwesch L. (1996). Social-vocational adjustment in unipolar mood disorders: Results of the DSM-IV field trial. Journal Of Affective Disorders 38, 73–80.
13. Farberow, N., & Rabban, M. (1950). Personality patterns of suicidal mental hospital patients (pp. 3-79). Provincetown, Mass.: Journal Press.
14. Farberow, N., Shneidman, E., & Felix, R. (1961). The cry for help. New York: Blakiston Division, McGraw-Hill.
15. Goodwin, F., & Jamison, K. (1990). Manic-depressive illnes. New York: Oxford University Press.
16. Goodyer, I., Eds, D., & Goldberg, K. (2010). Episodes and disoders of general anxiety and GAD (p. 327). Arlington: APA.
17. Gormley, N., & O’Leary, D. (1996). Time to remission in major depression. Is there a link between ‘no-treatment interval’ and outcome?. European Psychiatry, 11, 290-291. doi: 10.1016/0924-9338(96)88885-7
18. Greer, T., Trombello, J., Rethorst, C., Carmody, T., Jha, M., & Liao, A. et al. (2016). Improvements in psychosocial functioning and health-related quality of life following exercise augmentation in patients with treatment response but nonremitted major depressive disorder: results from the tread study. Depression And Anxiety, 33(9), 870-881. doi: 10.1002/da.22521
19. Hasselbalch, B., Knorr, U., & Kessing, L. (2011). Cognitive impairment in the remitted state of unipolar depressive disorder: A systematic review. Journal Of Affective Disorders, 134(1-3), 20-31. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2010.11.011
20. Hays R.D., Wells K.B., Sherbourne C.D., Rogers W., Spritzer K. (1995). Functioning and well-being outcomes of patients with depression compared with chronic general medical illnesses. Arch Gen Psychiatry 52,11–19.
21. Hirschfield, R. M. (2001). The Comorbidity of Major Depression and Anxiety Disorders. The Primary Care Companion to The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry,03(06), 244-254. doi:10.4088/pcc.v03n0609
22. Hung, C.I., Liu, C.Y., Yang, C.H., & Gan, S. T. (2020). Comorbidity with more anxiety disorders associated with a poorer prognosis persisting at the 10-year follow-up among patients with major depressive disorder. Journal of Affective Disorders, 260, 97–104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.08.085
23. Information Bulletins for Work Safe BC Assessment Providers. Work Impairment and Limitations Associated with Depression, June 2007.
24. Januzzi, J., Stern, T., & Pasternak, E. (2000). The Influence of anxiety and depression (Vol. 160). Arch. Intern. Med.
25. Kennedy, N., Foy, K., Sherazi, R., McDonough, M., & McKeon, P. (2007). Long-term social functioning after depression treated by psychiatrists: a review. Bipolar Disorders, 9(1–2), 25–37. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-5618.2007.00326.x
26. Knight, M. J., & Baune, B. T. (2018). Social cognitive abilities predict psychosocial dysfunction in major depressive disorder. Depression and Anxiety, 36(1), 54–62. https://doi.org/10.1002/da.22844
27. Knorr, A. C., Tull, M. T., Anestis, M. D., Dixon-Gordon, K. L., Bennett, M. F., & Gratz, K. L. (2016). The Interactive Effect of Major Depression and Nonsuicidal Self-Injury on Current Suicide Risk and Lifetime Suicide Attempts. Archives of Suicide Research, 20(4), 539–552. https://doi.org/10.1080/13811118.2016.1158679
28. Leader, J. B., & Klein, D. N. (1996). Social adjustment in dysthymia, double depression and episodic major depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 37(2–3), 91–101. https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-0327(95)00076-3
29. Malhi G. S., & Mann J. J. (2018). Depression. The Lancet, 392, 299 – 312.
30. MarkkulaN., & Suvisaari J. (2017). Prevalence, riskfactors and prognosis of depressive disorders (pp. 275-282). Duodecim.
31. Mehta, S., Mittal, P. K., & Swami, M. K. (2014). Psychosocial Functioning in Depressive Patients: A Comparative Study between Major Depressive Disorder and Bipolar Affective Disorder. Depression Research and Treatment, 2014, 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/302741
32. Mintz, J. (1992). Treatments of Depression and the Functional Capacity to Work. Archives of General Psychiatry, 49(10), 761. https://doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.1992.01820100005001
33. Moussavi, S., Chatterji, S., Verdes, E., Tandon, A., Patel, V., & Ustun, B. (2007). Depression, chronic diseases, and decrements in health: results from the World Health Surveys. The Lancet, 370(9590), 851–858. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(07)61415-9
34. Muñoz, R., Cuijpers, P., Smit, F., Barrera, A. & Leykin, Y., (2020). Prevention Of Major Depression. (pp.181-212).
35. Ormel, J., Oldehinkel, A. J., Nolen, W. A., & Vollebergh, W. (2004). Psychosocial Disability Before, During, and After a Major Depressive Episode. Archives of General Psychiatry, 61(4), 387. https://doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.61.4.387–392.
36. Penninx, B. W. J. H., Nolen, W. A., Lamers, F., Zitman, F. G., Smit, J. H., Spinhoven, P., Cuijpers, P., de Jong, P. J., van Marwijk, H. W. J., der Meer, K., Verhaak, P., Laurant, M. G. H., de Graaf, R., Hoogendijk, W. J., der Wee, N., Ormel, J., van Dyck, R., & Beekman, A. T. F. (2011). Two-year course of depressive and anxiety disorders: Results from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA). Journal of Affective Disorders, 133(1–2), 76–85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2011.03.027
37. Pratt, L. A., & Brody, D. J. (2014). Implications of two-stage depression screening for identifying persons with thoughts of self-harm. General Hospital Psychiatry, 36(1), 119–123. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2013.09.007
38. Prince, M., Patel, V., Saxena, S., Maj, M., Maselko, J., Phillips, M. R., & Rahman, A. (2007). No health without mental health. The Lancet, 370(9590), 859-877. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(07)61238-0
39. Roy-Byrne, P., Davidson, K., Kessler, R. [et al.] (2008). Anxiety disorders and comorbid medical illness. Gen. Hosp. Psychiatry, 30 (3), 208 – 225.
40. Sobocki, P., Jonsson, B., Angst, J., Rehnberg, C. (2006). Cost of depression in Europe. J. Ment. Health Policy Econ. 9. 87-98.
41. Solomon, D. A., Leon, A. C., Endicott, J., Mueller, T. I., Coryell, W., Shea, M. T., & Keller, M. B. (2004). Psychosocial impairment and recurrence of major depression. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 45(6), 423–430. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2004.07.002
42. Trivedi, M.H. (2004). The link between depression and physical symptoms. Primary Care Companion. J. Clin. Psychiatry, 6, 12 – 16.
43. Tweed, D. L. (1993). Depression-related impairment: estimating concurrent and lingering effects. Psychological Medicine, 23(2), 373–386. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033291700028476
44. Üstün, T., Ayuso-Mateos, J., Chatterji, S., Mathers, C. and Murray, C. (2004). Global burden of depressive disorders in the year 2000. British Journal of Psychiatry, 184(5), 386-392.
45. Valerio, M. P., Szmulewicz, A. G., & Martino, D. J. (2018). A quantitative review on outcome-to-antidepressants in melancholic unipolar depression. Psychiatry Research, 265, 100–110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.03.088
46. Valladares A., Dilla T., Sacristan J.A. (2009). Depression: a social mortgage. Latest advances in knowledge of the cost of the disease. Actas. Esp. Psiquiatr., 37(1), 49–¬53
47. Verduijn, J., Verhoeven, J. E., Milaneschi, Y., Schoevers, R. A., van Hemert, A. M., Beekman, A. T. F., & Penninx, B. W. J. H. (2017). Reconsidering the prognosis of major depressive disorder across diagnostic boundaries: full recovery is the exception rather than the rule. BMC Medicine, 15(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-017-0972-8
48. Weightman, M. J., Air, T. M., & Baune, B. T. (2014). A Review of the Role of Social Cognition in Major Depressive Disorder. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 5, 179. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2014.00179
49. Weintraub, M. J., Van de Loo, M. M., Gitlin, M. J., & Miklowitz, D. J. (2017). Self-Harm, Affective Traits, and Psychosocial Functioning in Adults With Depressive and Bipolar Disorders. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 205(11), 896–899. https://doi.org/10.1097/nmd.0000000000000744
50. Weissman, M., Prusoff, B., Thompson, W., Harding, P., & Myers, J. (1978). Social Adjustment By Self-Report in a Community Sample and in Psychiatric Outpatients. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 166(5), 317–326. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005053-197805000-00002
51. Wittchen, H.-U., & Jacobi, F. (2005). Size and burden of mental disorders in Europe—a critical review and appraisal of 27 studies. European Neuropsychopharmacology, 15(4), 357–376. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euroneuro.2005.04.012
52. World Health Organization. (2008). The global burden of disease: 2004 update. World Health Organization.
53. World Health Organization. (2015). European Mental Health Action Plan 2013-2020. WHO/Europe. https://www.euro.who.int/en/publications/abstracts/european-mental-health-action-plan-2013-2020.
54. Zimmerman, M., McGlinchey, J. B., Posternak, M. A., Friedman, M., Boerescu, D., & Attiullah, N. (2008). Remission in depressed outpatients: More than just symptom resolution? Journal of Psychiatric Research, 42(10), 797–801. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2007.09.004
55. Ambrumova A. G. (1981). Psihologiya odinochestva i suitsid [The psychology of loneliness and suicide]. Aktualnyie problemyi suitsidologii: Tr. Mosk. NII psihiatrii MZ RSFSRyu, 69–81[inRussian]
56. Ambrumova A. G., Tihonenko V. A. (1981). Diagnostika suitsidalnogo povedeniya [Diagnosis of suicidal behavior] (s.17). Moskva.[inRussian].
57. Bedlinskyi V. O. (2017). Rol neirobiolohichnykh ta imunolohichnykh mekhanizmiv rozvytku depresii [The role of neurobiological and immunological mechanisms of depression]. NeuroNews: psykhonevrolohiia ta neiropsykhiatriia, 3 (87), 8–10. [inUkrainian].
58. VetrogradovaO. P., StepanovI. L., MaksimovaN. M. [idr.] (2012). Kliniko-patogeneticheskie aspekty i tipologii depressiy [Clinical and pathogenetic aspects of the typology of depression]. Sotsialnaya i klinicheskaya psihiatriya, 3(22), 5–10. [inRussian].
59. Krasnov V.N. (2011). Rasstroystva affektivnogo spectra [Affective spectrum disorders]. (s.431) M.: Practical medicine. [inRussian].
60. Krepelin E. (1923). Vvedenie v psihiatricheskuyu kliniku [Introduction to the psychiatric clinic]. 4-e izd. M. Pg. [inRussian].
61. Maruta N. A. (2013). Vosstanovlenie sotsialnogo funktsionirovaniya – osnovnaya tsel terapii depressii [The restoration of social functioning is the main goal of depression therapy]. NeuroNews 8 (53), 16– 20. [inRussian].
62. Maruta N. A., Yavdak I. Ya., Cherednyakova E. S., Maruta O. S. (2014). Neyrotroficheskaya terapiya depressiy: vozmozhnosti i perspektivyi [Neurotrophic therapy for depression: opportunities and prospects].Ukrainskyi visnyk psykhonevrolohii, 22 (79). 96–103. [inRussian].
63. Maruta N. O. (2012). Stan psykhichnoho zdorov’ia naselennia ta pespektyvy rozvytku psykhiatrychnoi dopomohy v Ukraini [The state of mental health of the population and prospects for the development of psychiatric care in Ukraine]. Zdorov’ia Ukrainy, 3 (22), 6–8.[in Ukrainian].
64. Osadshiy Yu. Yu., Kryuchkova M. N., Baryikina I. N., Bakanov S. M. (2019). Est li osnovaniya dlya razlichiy mezhdu muzhskoy i zhenskoy depressiey? Obzor literaturyi [Is there a reason for the difference between male and female depression? Literature review]. Psihiatriya i psihofarmakoterapiya. Meditsinskoe marketingovoe agentstvo "MediaMedika" (Moskva), 1(21). [inRussian].
65. Pyliahina H. Ya. (2004). Autoagressivnoe povedenie: patogeneticheskie mehanizmy ii kliniko-tipologicheskie aspekty idiagnostiki i lecheniya [Auto-aggressive behavior: pathogenetic mechanisms and clinical and typological aspects of diagnosis and treatment]. Avtoref. dis. … d-ra med. Nauk: 14.01.16, Kiev. [inRussian].
66. Pyliahina H. Ya. (2017). Autodestruktyvnyi potentsial v retrospektyvnomu analizi ta prohnozi dynamiky samoruinivnoi povedinky [Self-destructive potential in retrospective analysis and prediction of the dynamics of self-destructive behavior]. Mental Health, 1 (50), 44–55. [in Ukrainian].
67. Pshuk N. H., Pshuk H. Ya. (2010). Do pytannia pro yakist zhyttia khvorykh na somatyzovani depresyvni stany [On the question of quality of life of patients with somatized depressive states]. Intehratyvni pidkhody v diahnostytsi ta likuvanni psykhichnykh ta psykhosomatychnykh khvorob: tezy dopovidei, m. Vinnytsia, 90.[in Ukrainian].
68. Reshetnikov M. M. (2005). Psihodinamika i psihoterapiya depressiy [Psychodynamics and psychotherapy for depression]. SPb: Vostochno-Evropeyskiy Institut Psihoanaliza, 326. [inRussian].
69. Sydorenko I. (2017). Velykyi depresyvnyi rozlad: kohnityvni porushennia i mozhlyvosti yikh korektsii [Major depressive disorder: cognitive impairment and the possibility of their correction]. Psykhiatriia XXI stolittia: problemy i innovatsiini rishennia materialy naukovo-praktychnoi konferentsii, (27-29 kvitnia 2017 r., m. Kyiv). NeuroNews: psykhonevrolohiia ta neiropsykhiatriia, 4 (88), 25–28. [in Ukrainian].
70. Snezhnevskiy A.V. (1983). Klinicheskay psihopatologiya. Rukovodstvo po psihiatrii [Clinical psychopathology. Psychiatric Guide] (s.16–98). M.: Meditsina. [in Russian].
71. Tyuvina N.A., Balabanova V.V., Voronina E.O. (2015). Gendernyie osobennosti depresivnyih rasstroystv u zhenschin. [Gender characteristics of depressive disorders in women]. Neurology, neuropsychiatry, psychosomatics, 7 (2), 75–79. [in Russian].
72. Fedchenko V.Yu. (2019). Faktory prohnozu formuvannia, perebihu ta vykhodu depresyvnykh rozladiv (kliniko-psykhopatolohichni, patopsykholohichni ta biokhimichni pidkhody). [Factors of prognosis of formation, course and outcome of depressive disoders (clinical-psychopathological, pathopsychological and biochemical approaches)]. Avtoref. dys. … d-ra med. Nauk: 14.01.16. Kharkiv. [in Ukrainian].
73. Froid Z. (1998). Vstup do psykhoanalizu: lektsii zi vstupu do psykhoanalizu z novymy vysnovkamy. per. z nim. Petro Tarashchuk. Kyiv : Osnovy, 709 s.
74. Chaban O.S. (2010). Trevoga, depressiyaibol. [Anxiety, depression, and pain]. Zdorov’ia Ukrainy, 3 (22), 4. [in Russian].
75. Yureva L.N. (2006). Klinicheskaya suitsidologiya. [Clinical Suicidology]. Dnepropetrovsk: Porogi, 15-16. [in Russian].
Published
2021-08-21
How to Cite
Lisyuk, A. (2021). The current state of the problem of depressive disorders, taking into account clinical and social features. Kyiv Journal of Modern Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2, 53-66. Retrieved from https://mpp-journal.com/index.php/journal/article/view/11